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Bulls on the charge after Fed signals smaller hikes ahead

Nyckelpunkter:
  • World stocks climb to highest since August
  • Powell bolsters bets for 50 bps U.S. rate hike this month
  • Bond markets rally on hopes of lower terminal rates
  • Dollar sags to lowest since August
  • China eases some COVID quarantine rules

The bulls were enjoying the good life in Europe on Thursday after the world's most influential central banker, Jerome Powell, signalled this year's frantic pace of U.S. interest rate hikes could be about to slow.

It was a textbook 'risk on' pattern, with both the STOXX 600 SXXP and MSCI's main world stocks index IACWI hitting their highest since August and the previously unstoppable dollar DXY down at a three-month low.

Rallying bond markets sent borrowing costs lower almost everywhere too , while higher oil and metals prices suggested even commodities markets now hope a less aggressive Federal Reserve will help the spluttering world economy.

"It absolutely makes sense," said Unigestion senior portfolio manager Olivier Marciot, saying it was a case of "it's not so bad any more, so it's good."

"We have the confirmation that we are not having central banks being ever more hawkish and the confirmation that inflation is starting to slow."

There has now been a more than 17% recovery in European and world stocks and a 7.5% fall in the dollar DXY since the Fed first started to hint at a shift in its view in mid October.

"It makes sense to moderate the pace of our rate increases as we approach the level of restraint that will be sufficient to bring inflation down," Powell said in comments that lifted Wall Street's S&P 500 3% SPX.

Allied with fresh signs that China is looking to relax COVID restriction where it can, Asian stocks jumped 1.35% overnight. (.MIAP00000PUS)

They posted their biggest monthly gain since 1998 in November as hopes for a Fed pivot towards slower rate hikes gathered steam after four consecutive 75-basis-point increases. But the index was still down about 17.5% on the year.

The euro was up 0.25% at $1.0432, having traded as high as $1.0463 earlier.

Britain's pound, which has raced back to form over the last couple of months, was up over 0.5% at $1.2124, while a surge from the yen meant the dollar index DXY - which measures the currency against six major peers - dipped a further 0.4%.

"Obviously the speech (by Powell) was less hawkish than feared," said Rodrigo Catril, senior FX strategist at National Australia Bank. "The yen is leading the charge, and that makes sense when you look at the big, big move in long-term U.S. rates."

BORROWING COSTS

Markets are currently pricing in a 91% probability that the Fed will increase rates by 50 basis points on Dec. 14, and only a 9% chance of another 75 basis point hike. (FEDWATCH)

Expectations have also grown around the world that China, while still trying to contain infections, could look to re-open at some point next year once it achieves better vaccination rates among its elderly.

The yield on 10-year Treasury notes US10Y was last down 8.5 basis points to 3.616%, while the two-year (US2YT=RR) U.S. yield, which typically moves in step with interest rate expectations, was down 3.5 basis points at 4.337%.

Germany's 10 yield, the benchmark for the euro area, dropped 8 basis points to 1.866%. (DE10YT=RR) The two-year yield fell 7 basis points to 2.075%. (DE2YT=RR)

Jefferies interest rate strategist Mohit Kumar said: "The market had built in expectations of a hawkish Powell, and he definitely did not deliver".

In commodity markets, gold prices climbed to a two-week high of $1,779.39 an ounce, while oil edged up, supported by signs that OPEC+ may cut supply further at a meeting on Sunday.

Brent crude BRN1! was up 44 cents, or 0.5%, to $87.41 a barrel by 0930 GMT, while U.S. West Texas Intermediate crude futures CL1! added 55 cents, or 0.7%, to $81.10.

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