Indicator & Settings
The filter is calculated via convolution, if we take into account that the frequency response of a filter is the Fourier transform of its weighting function we can deduce that we can get a narrow response by using a sinusoid sin(2𝛑nf) as the weighting function, with the peak of the frequency response being equal to f, this makes the filter quite easy to control by the user, as this one can choose the frequency to be isolated. The length of the weighting function controls the bandwidth of the frequency response, with a higher length returning an ever-smaller frequency response width.
In the indicator settings the "Cycle Period" determine the period of the sinusoid used as a weighting function, while "Bandwidth" determine the filter passband width, with higher values returning a narrower passband, this setting also determine the length of the convolution, because the sum of the weights must add to 0 we know that the length of the convolution must be a multiple of "Cycle Period", so the length of the convolution is equal to "Cycle Period × Bandwidth".
Finally, the windowing option determines if a window is applied to the weighting function, a weighting function allow to remove ripples in the filter frequency response
Above both indicators have a Cycle period of 100 and a Bandwidth of 4, we can see that the indicator with no windowing don't fully remove the trend component in the price, this is due to the presence of ripples allowing lower frequency components to pass, this is not the case for the windowed version.
In theory, an ultra-narrow passband would allow to fully isolate pure sinusoids, below the cycle period of interest is 20
using a bandwidth equal to 10 allow to retain that sinusoid, however, note that this sinusoid is subject to phase shift and that it might not be a dominant frequency in the price.
In true TradingView spirit, the author of this script has published it open-source, so traders can understand and verify it. Cheers to the author! You may use it for free, but reuse of this code in a publication is governed by House Rules. You can favorite it to use it on a chart.
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You can also check out some of the indicators I made for luxalgo : https://www.tradingview.com/u/LuxAlgo/#published-scripts