16963 visningar

Fit a quadratic polynomial (parabola) to the last

*length*data points by minimizing the sum of squares between the data and the fitted results. The script can extrapolate the results in the future and can also display the R-squared of the model. Note that this script is subject to some limitations (more in the "Notes" section).**Settings**- Length : Number of data points to use as input.

- Offset : Determine the number of past fitted values to be displayed, if 0 only the extrapolated values are displayed, if 55 only the past fitted values are displayed.

- Src : Input data of the indicator

- Show R2 : Determine if the value of the R-squared must be displayed, by default true.

**Usage**

When the underlying trend in the price is not linear, we might use more advanced models to estimate it, this is where using a higher-degree regression model might be required, as such a quadratic model (second-degree) is appropriate when the underlying trend is parabolic.

Here we can see that the quadratic regression (in blue) offer a better fit than a linear one.

Another advantage of the quadratic regression is that a linear one will always have the same direction, that's not the case with the quadratic regression and as such, it is possible to forecast reversals.

Above a linear regression (in red) and two quadratic regression (in blue) with both length = 54. Note that for the sake of clarity, the above image uses a quadratic regression to show all the past fitted values and another one to show all the forecasted values.

The R-Squared is also extremely useful when it comes to measuring the accuracy of the model, with values closer to 1 indicating that the model is appropriate, and thus suggesting that the underlying trend in the price is parabolic. The R-squared can also measure the strength of the trend.

**Notes**

The script uses the function*line.new*, as such only a maximum of 54 observations are displayed, getting more observations can be done by using an additional quadratic regression like we did in the previous section. Another thing is that*line.new*use*xloc.bar_time*, as such it is possible to observe some errors with the displayed results of the indicator, such as:

This will happen when applying the indicator to symbols with session breaks, I apologize for this inconvenience and I'll try to find solutions. Note however that the indicator will work perfectly on cryptos.

**Summary**

That's an indicator I really wanted to make, even if it is important to note that such models are rarely useful in stock markets, however it is more than possible to create a quadratic regression (with severe limitations) with pinescript.

Today I turn 21, while I should be celebrating I still wanted to share something with the community, it's also some kind of present to myself that tells me that I am a bit better at using pinescript than last year, and I am glad I could progress (instead of regress,*regression*, got it?). Thx a lot for reading!

Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/alexgrover

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You can also check out some of the indicators I made for luxalgo : https://www.tradingview.com/u/LuxAlgo/#published-scripts

Become a Patreon and get access to exclusive technical indicators!

You can also check out some of the indicators I made for luxalgo : https://www.tradingview.com/u/LuxAlgo/#published-scripts